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Why Candlestick Patterns Are Key To Success in Forex Trading

Candlestick Patterns

The candlestick patterns are reversal patterns. They should not be confused with candlestick patterns, which are patterns of lines on price charts, used to identify a group of reversal patterns and their associated behaviors. Candlesticks patterns can be used for short-term trading, and for identifying a change in a market trend. A candlestick pattern is one of the most important indicators in forex trading online.

There are several candlestick patterns, to which traders pay a lot of attention to. One of the most popular is the bearish reversal patterns, or candlestick patterns showing a strong downward movement. The most common bearish reversals are the hammer and the hanging man. Another type of candlestick pattern is the bullish reversal pattern, which are showing a strong upward movement. The most common bullish reversals are the Doji and the engulfing pattern.

The Japanese Candlestick Theory

Candlestick charts are very popular among traders because traders use technical analysis to enhance trading. Candlestick charting became popular in Japan in the 17th century, when a rice trader, Munehisa Homma, developed a technique to predict rice prices by using chart patterns. Nison introduced candlestick patterns to Western traders in the 1980’s and they are now one of the most popular charting patterns used by traders.

When looking for stocks to invest in, some investors will buy stocks that show a “hammer” candlestick pattern. This indicates that the stock may be about to reverse its direction and start going up again.

The basic idea behind Japanese candlesticks is that they represent the opening and closing price of a security for a given time period.

A candle has two lines — the body and the wick. And the most basic candle is the bar or body, which is simply the height of a candle from its opening to close. Japanese candlestick charting techniques use many more candles than basic bar charts.

Candlesticks provide visual information that bar charts, which simply provide price and a change in price, do not. Candlesticks help the trader determine whether a market is bullish or bearish.  Candlesticks offer more than just a line on a screen, they offer useful information. Candlesticks can be analyzed and interpreted to provide hints to a trader about what the market might do next.

The body is the most important part of a candlestick because it shows you how much money was made or lost during that period of time. If the open price is higher than the close price, then you have an up-bodied candle. And if it is lower, then you have a down-bodied candle.

The thickness of the body represents how much volume was traded during that period of time. This gives traders an idea as to whether they should pay attention to this particular candle or not.

What You Need To Know About Forex Candlestick pattern – The Basics

While candlesticks are a great way to visualize the price action in a market, they are not the only way to get an idea of what is going on in a market. In fact, many traders use other types of charting software which show both technical analysis and candlestick patterns which make it even easier to analyze the market. 

Candlestick patterns are a great way to confirm what you are seeing in the market. They are also a great way to tell whether the trend is going to be short-lived or if it is long-term trend. If you see that a candle is starting to form a pattern, then you can better understand what the market is telling you.

Candlestick charts are a very popular form of technical chart that provides a powerful way to spot trends and patterns. All candlestick charts, whether they are bar charts, line charts, or candlestick charts, are composed of the same five pieces of information: the open, high, low, close, and the body. The lines of the candlestick chart (particularly the upper and lower shadows) provide many places for traders to find patterns and even predictive significance. There is no official list of candlestick patterns, there are only patterns that have been commonly identified, but some are more common than others.

What are Candlestick Patterns In Forex Trading and CFDs?

Candlesticks are a major part of technical analysis, which is a method of interpreting price changes in the market to predict the direction of further price movements. A candlestick is one of the oldest forms of charting, and they are one of the most effective tools a trader can use to predict the market direction. By understanding the different types of candlesticks and their relevance to the market, you can improve your chances of making a profit.

Candlestick patterns are a form of technical analysis. These patterns are also known as candlesticks or Japanese candlesticks. Candlestick patterns are a way to display the price action in forex trading. A candlestick chart can be a good way of spotting trends in forex trading. The charts can be used to look for patterns that could potentially predict when to buy or sell a currency pair.

The two types of candlestick charts are conventional and Japanese. Japanese candlesticks show the opening and closing of the chart, as well as the high and low of the price action. A candlestick is a visual representation of supply and demand on a chart. Traders use this information to gauge the strength or weakness of an asset on a chart. The more black or white space on the chart, the stronger the asset’s performance. The longer the black or white portion of the candlestick, the stronger the performance.

Learn the pros and cons of trading CFDs first before you even start trading.

Different Parts of Candlestick Chart in Forex Trading

Candlesticks provide an easy way to digest the information in the price bar. There are four candlestick parts: the body, Shadow(wick), upper shadow, and lower shadow.

The parts of a candlestick are:

1. The body

The body is the widest part of the candle. It can be either red or green (depending on whether it is an up or down day). It can also be referred to as the real body.

2. The shadow

The shadow represents the difference between the open and close price. It can also be referred to as the wick or tail.

3. The upper shadow

This is the higher of the two shadows on a candlestick, which appears on top of an up-trending candle. If it touches or goes beyond the upper Bollinger band, then this indicates possible trend reversal (especially if there are other signs of reversal).

4. The lower shadow

This is the lower of the two shadows on a candlestick, which appears on top of a down-trending candle. If it touches or goes beyond the lower Bollinger band, then this indicates possible trend continuation from here (especially if there are other signs of continuation).

When it comes to candlestick patterns, there are too many to cover here. But those above are some of the most essential patterns you can study to see the strength of an uptrend or downtrend. Keep in mind that these patterns don’t always have to be perfect to make a valid trading decision. A bullish (green) candlestick that comes after a long downtrend may be enough to signal a reversal in price. The important thing is to understand what the candlestick is telling you.

Besides the color of the candles and their size and position, you will also need to learn the different patterns created by candles in combination to make accurate predictions.

Candlestick Patterns

How to read candlestick chart for day trading

The candlestick chart is one of the most popular ways to interpret the price action of stocks, commodities, and forex currency pairs. Popularized in Japan, the candlestick chart is used to analyze the open, close, high, and low prices of a stock or other financial instrument over a given time period. A single candlestick represents each trade made during a given time period. A candlestick shows when the price closed, as well as its opening and closing prices.

The length of the body of the candlestick indicates the price range experienced by that stock during the given time period. There are many different candlestick patterns, which signal how the price action has been moved by market forces.

Candlestick charts are different from other charts because they use a different time frame than most charts. Candlestick charts are a graphical representation of price movement in a given currency pair. It is important to remember that a candlestick chart shows only the price movement of a currency pair, not the value of a currency pair. That is why a candlestick chart looks like a bar graph with a line that extends vertically. The vertical line on a candlestick chart represents the range between the opening price (the first price in the market) and the closing price.

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Candlestick Patterns and The Stories They Tell

There are hundreds of candlestick patterns, but most fall into three categories: reversal, continuation, and indecision.

1. Candlesticks Reversal Patterns

Reversal patterns are reversal formations that indicate a change in price direction. These patterns can be found in candlesticks, bar charts, and line charts. They are formed by two or more candlesticks, which are either bearish or bullish. They have the same shape and color, but their wicks (tails) point in opposite directions.

Reversal patterns appear at significant turning points in the market. And they are always preceded by an uptrend or downtrend. This means there must be substantial volume behind the move before it reverses direction. In the case of the hammer pattern, the bar after the high or low day is typically one of the longest bars on the chart. This signals that the new reversal is likely to break the overall trend. The moving average lines in the background of these charts are a powerful tool for finding the most significant reversal patterns.

A reversal pattern is a pattern that signals that the current trend is over and that a new trend will start soon.

2. Candlestick Continuation Pattern

There are many different candlestick patterns. Some are used to indicate a price reversal and others are used to indicate price continuation. The candlestick continuation pattern, known as the hanging man, is a single candlestick that shows a small body and has no upper wick. The absence of the wick may indicate that the market is already in a downtrend, and the bullish candlestick pattern known as the hammer is commonly used as an indication that the market is about to reverse a downtrend.

A candlestick pattern describes the price action of security by showing the relationship between open, high, low, and close. A pattern developed at the end of a trend when a lower low and a higher low being formed. This indicates that the security will go on to test the high or low of the trend. The patterns that might form at the end of an uptrend are known as continuation patterns.

The bullish continuation pattern is formed when the market continues in an uptrend by making a lower low and a higher high. This is the most reliable of the continuation patterns.

A continuation pattern can be bullish, bearish or neutral and will appear in an uptrend or downtrend.

3. Candlestick Indecision Patterns

There are a variety of candlestick patterns to keep in mind while you are making your trades. The indecision candlestick pattern is one of the most popular. This pattern is characterized by the indecision of the buyers and sellers in the candlestick chart. There are a couple of ways to identify this pattern. First, it shows a gap between the close price and the following day’s open price. Second, it does not move past the previous day’s close. This pattern is generally an indication for traders to hold their position or to exit their position entirely.

Different Types of Candlestick Patterns

A candlestick pattern is a price chart that uses Japanese candlesticks to display a security’s price change over time. Candlesticks are a type of bar graph, but they offer more information than standard bar graphs. They are the best way to read market trends and take advantage of opportunities in the market. Candlesticks can show you a security’s open, high, low, and close. Combined with a few other indicators and some experience, candlesticks can become a powerful trading tool.

Candlestick patterns are patterns formed from the shape of the candlesticks – both filled and hollow. They are used to predict the direction of the trend.

There are a lot of candlestick patterns that you can use to predict the direction of the market. The most common ones are as follows:

Shooting Star

The shooting star candlestick has a small real body that gaps or trails the real body of the preceding bar. The real body gaps downward and then closes at or very near the low of the bar. The upper shadow is long, at least 2 times the size of the real body.

The long upper shadow shows that the price has risen strongly, but has subsequently fallen back to close near its open, hence the small lower shadow.  It is a sign of indecision during which a good price may be had by taking the opposite side of the trade. It can also be used to confirm the reversal of an uptrend. It is a bullish indicator when its lower shadow is long, but only a bearish indicator when its upper shadow is long.

The shooting star is regarded as bullish when it appears at the top of an uptrend (i.e., after an advance). And a bearish when it appears at the bottom of a downtrend (i.e., after a decline).

In an uptrend, this pattern suggests that there is intense downward pressure on prices, which may cause further declines in price over the next few days.

Bullish Engulfing Candlestick Pattern

The Bullish Engulfing pattern is a variation of the engulfing pattern. It occurs when there are two candles in a row, with the second candle completely engulfing (covering) the body of the first candle. This signals that there was significant buying pressure during that period, or that sellers were overwhelmed by buyers and had to sell at a lower price than they would have liked to sell at.

Or, if you’re looking to trade stocks, it can be used to signal the reversal of a downtrend.

The Bullish Engulfing pattern is a Doji that appears after a downtrend and is used to confirm the reversal of the downtrend. The Doji is black or white, has long lower and upper shadows, and appears in the middle of the downtrend. Below is an example of a Bullish Engulfing pattern on the weekly chart of EUR/USD.

Bullish Engulfing is a very reliable forex candlestick pattern that you can use to confirm a reversal of the downtrend.

Bearish Engulfing Candlestick Pattern

A bearish engulfing candlestick pattern is a two-candlestick pattern that appears during an upward trend. It’s made up of a small body candle. This is followed by a large body candle that opens lower and closes higher than the previous candle. The difference between the two bodies should be at least twice as large as the first one. If this doesn’t happen, then you can’t consider it a valid Bearish Engulfing pattern.

A bearish engulfing candlestick pattern occurs at the top of an uptrend when it looks like prices are about to go higher. However, gapping lower on the next session is a sign that traders are unwilling to keep buying at the current price. As the open interest increases and prices fail to move beyond the previous day’s high or low, the decline in prices on the second day is confirmation of the reversal from uptrend to downtrend and is typically a strong sign of a market reversal.

The Doji Candlestick Pattern

A Doji line with no lower wick can form at either the beginning or the end of a strong downtrend. The Doji line represents indecision in the market, and it also shows that neither bulls nor bears are in control. – The Doji line is a sign of indecision in the market. The Doji line appears with no upper wick and no lower wick, making it resemble a cross, which is why it is called a Doji.

Candlestick patterns are one of the most useful and important tools in technical analysis. A candlestick pattern is a chart pattern formed by a candle’s real body (between its open and close) and a shadow. Candles can form a wide range of patterns, and they all have different names. But there are three major ones: the Doji, the On-Lane-White-Kagi, and the Hanging Man.

Telling which candle pattern has formed can be a little tricky, but certain indicators can help.

A Gravestone Doji is a Japanese candlestick chart pattern that is characterized by a long lower shadow and a long upper shadow with a small or non-existent real body. The Doji represents indecision in regard to the direction of the trend. However, the long upper and lower shadows represent extreme price action. They can be seen as a sign of a trend reversal or simply as an indicator that the trend is losing strength. These candles are one of a few candlestick patterns that can be used to identify and anticipate trend reversals in markets.

Hammer Candlestick Pattern

The Hammer candlestick pattern is considered a bullish reversal pattern. It is formed after a decline in price and is named for the shape of its body (similar to the head of a hammer). The Hammer candles consist of one day where prices open at or near their low, trade lower during most of the day but close near their high. The Hammer candlestick pattern signals that there is strength in the stock and can be the precursor of an uptrend.

The Hammer candlestick has importance because it is one of the few candlestick patterns which can be considered a reversal pattern while also serving as a continuation pattern. The Hammer candlestick is found in an uptrend and is trading near the bottom of the trend. The Hammer candlestick pattern is a sign of strength.


A gap is represented by the price of a candlestick opening above or below the previous candlestick. A gap on a candlestick chart is usually the highest or lowest price for that period. Gaps on a candlestick chart can be found in any time period, but the most common time period is the monthly data. A gap on a monthly chart is usually the highest or lowest monthly close for that period.

Gaps are a type of continuation pattern, but they are not considered bullish or bearish. A gap is a sudden and dramatic price movement where there is no trading between the opening and closing prices. If a gap forms on the open, it’s called an up-gap. If a stock gap is up, it indicates strong bullish momentum. Gaps down indicate bearish momentum.

On charts, gaps are represented by a blank space between candlestick bars. Optionally, they can be marked with a small dashed line which represents the opening price. Candlesticks that close above or below the opening gap are known as shadows.

The Evening Doji Star

This pattern is formed when there is a small white or green candle and then a large red or black candle the next day. The large candle must engulf the previous day’s small candle. The engulfing candle is a sign of an uptrend. The uptrend is further confirmed by the strength of the next day’s open and high prices.

Even though evening star patterns may seem similar to morning star patterns, they are versatile reversal patterns used to signal the end of a downtrend and the beginning of an uptrend. They are composed of three candles. The first candle is a Doji, which is used to signal that a trend is about to end. The second candle is typically a long upward candle with a long upper wick, which is used to signal a reversal. The third candle is a small candle that usually has a long lower wick, which is used to signal that the trend will continue in the upward direction.

The evening star pattern can be seen in any time frame, but for best results, it should be observed on a daily chart or higher time frames like weekly charts or monthly charts, as these patterns can last longer than shorter time frames like 15 minutes or hourly charts. The evening star pattern is a type of candlestick pattern that occurs when there is a small real-body candle that is followed by a Doji or a star candlestick.

Inverted hammer

The inverted hammer (also known as a hanging man) is a bearish reversal pattern that is formed at the end of an uptrend. The pattern consists of a long lower tail, a small real body (black or white), and a long upper shadow. The price action is at the lower end of the trading range and the open and close are at the lower end of the range. The high and low are at the upper end of the trading range. This is the opposite of the hanging man pattern.

Lastly, it is important to note that the inverted hammer shouldn’t be confused with the long-legged doji (or dragonfly doji), which is a bullish reversal candlestick pattern that has a similar appearance but different implications.


Marubozu candlesticks are now a very popular type of candlestick chart among retail traders online. While they can be used on any chart, they are most commonly used on daily charts. Marubozu candlesticks represent both an uptrend and a downtrend. Uptrends are represented by a solid black candle with a long upper wick, and downtrends are represented by a solid black candle with a long lower wick. When there is a trend present with a Marubozu candlestick, it is an indication that the trend is strong.

A Marubozu candlestick is an empty or white body with no shadows at all. The opening and closing prices are equal, which means that the candle has neither a real body nor shadows. The Marubozu is a Japanese candlestick pattern that is used to show an uptrend. The full name for a Marubozu is Doji White Body.

The name “Marubozu” comes from Japanese, meaning “a long pole.” It’s a reference to the shape of this type of candle in a chart, which looks like a long pole with no shadows at all.

Marubozu candles are very easy to identify on forex charts. They contain a body that is completely white or black. The body is the first and last candle of an uptrend, downtrend, or horizontal market. The wicks typically do not extend beyond the body of the candle, and the shadows are not visible. The body can be any size; it is the color and location in the chart that make this pattern so popular.

Final Thought on Candlestick patterns

Before you start trading using candlestick patterns, you need to understand a few things about the market. First, candlestick charting is a form of technical analysis (TA). Second, it involves predicting the future price movements of assets on the stock market using past data. Technical analysis, in turn, is based on the assumption that markets are highly efficient and will automatically adjust to reflect the true, or intrinsic value of an item. Technical analysis itself consists of several different forms, including price movement analysis and volume and open interest analysis. Candlestick patterns help you identify changes in the market trend, which is particularly useful during periods of uncertainty or low market volume.

Candlestick patterns are an important part of technical analysis. They are also called Japanese Candlestick Patterns. Candlesticks can be used to show the flow of the market, but are also used by technical analysts and traders. A candlestick is basically a candle-shaped graphic with a hollow or solid spot at the top. They show the open, high, low and close price of a security over a specific period of time. This data is then used to determine bullish and bearish trends. Candlestick patterns can help you with fundamental analysis and conventional technical analysis and give you some valuable ideas about approaching the market for successful forex investing.

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